Drought Monitoring - National Meteorological Service of Belize
Tropical Weather Outlook
  • Tropical cyclone formation is not expected in the North Atlantic, the Caribbean Sea, or the Gulf of Mexico, during the next 48 hours.

Hurricane Tips
  •  Fill sinks, bathtub and large containers with water as an extra supply for washing and flushing.
  •  During the hurricane season, fisher folks are strongly advised to stay informed via radio, listen to the weather bulletin before venturing out to sea. Move your boat to safe harbor early.
  •  Prepare your car in case of evacuation. Fill your tank and check your tires.
  •  Upon alert, farmers should harvest crops which can be stored, consumed and sold.
  October 2018

Although rainfall totals have been below normal in the north during the past three months, the rainfall forecast for the next three months suggests that normal rainfall amounts should return to that area of the country. Therefore the drought warning in that area is being downgraded to a drought watch. This drought watch covers the entire Corozal district and northern portions of the Orange Walk district. There is no short-term drought concern for the remainder of the country at this time.   See the map below.

The 12 month SPI-based drought outlook uses data through to August 2018, with potential impacts on large surface water reserves and groundwater. In general negative impacts are expected if the SPI is less than or equal to -1.3 (very dry or worse ref: CDPMN). The current 12-month SPI-based drought outlook for the country shows that there is no long-term drought concern for most of the country except for the north where a drought watch continues to be in effect.  See the map below.


Forecast Drought Condition for Belize is done using Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI)

The Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI), developed by T.B. Mckee, N.J. Doesken and J. Kleist (McKee et al. 1993) of Colorado State University is an index that, if used carefully, can provide early warning of an extended drought period and aid in assessing drought severity. It can also provide similar information at the other end of the spectrum- extremely high precipitation. SPI is basically a representation of rainfall in units of standard deviation. Positive values indicate greater than median rainfall; negative values indicate less than median rainfall. Belize is now using this tool for early drought warning.

Table SPI classification (CIMH)
SPI ValueCategorySPI ValueImpact

A three-month SPI analysis reflects short to medium term moisture and can give an indication of available moisture conditions at the beginning of the growing season. A six-month SPI analysis reflects medium term trends in rainfall and is effective in showing rainfall distribution over distinct seasons as well as being associated with anomalous stream flows and reservoir levels, which takes longer to manifest itself than does agricultural drought. A twelve-month SPI can indicate the potential periods of shortfall in groundwater amounts.

Drought Levels

Disclaimer

The information contained herein is provided with the understanding that The National Meteorological Service of Belize makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of this statement. The information may be used freely by the public with appropriate acknowledgement of its source, but shall not be modified in content and then presented as original material.

If you have inquiries or comments please contact the Climate Section at the National Meteorological Service.

Forecaster: Gordon, Ronald

Last Updated: Tue, Oct 02, 2018 | 02:12 PM